• Jehane Ragai
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_8637-2

Appearance and Reality

This entry attempts to show that an ancient period of human creativity as expressed in Egyptian art has an analog in the twentieth-century discovery of holography. Parallels are perceived between both the “frontal-profile stance” and the “canonical tradition” of Egyptian art and the model of the hologram. These analogies appear on both the “empirical” and “conceptual levels” (It is to be noted that an earlier version of this entry appeared in 1986 both in English and in French, in Aujourd’hui l’Egypte. Permission to reproduce an updated version was granted to the author by the editor of Aujourd’hui l’Egypte: Mr. Jean Chamas).

Recent breakthroughs in modern physics (Capra, 1980; Jones, 1983; Zukhav, 1980) have drawn attention to the innumerable parallels between the new ways of interpreting modern physics and Eastern mysticism. Capra ( 1980) in his Tao of Physics reflects this trend when he observes:

…The basic elements of the Eastern world view are also those of...


Interference Pattern Modern Physic Ultimate Reality Human Creativity Exact Replica 
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I would like to thank the late Dr. Bernard Bothmer, Professor of Egyptian Art (Institute of Fine Arts, New York University), for his encouragement, his useful comments, and his assistance in providing resources unattainable in Egypt, when this entry was first written. I also thank the late Dr. Cynthia Nelson, Professor of Anthropology (the American University in Cairo), for her insightful comments which have improved the quality of this text. I would also like to thank the late Dr. S. J. Gregg, formerly of the department of Chemistry (the University of Exeter), for his unfailing encouragement. Last but not least, grateful thanks go to Dr. Wafaa al Sadek, Mrs. Sanaa Ahmed Ali, Mrs. Bernard Bothmer, and Dr. John Swanson for their permission to use some of the present pictures.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The American University in CairoCairoEgypt