Environment and Nature in the Amazon

  • Leslie E. Sponsel
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_8569-2

The Amazon is bordered by the Andes Mountains, Guiana Highlands, Brazilian Highlands, and the Atlantic Ocean. This region is about the size of the continental United States of America. Portions of the Amazon are included within the territories of nine South American countries: French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. However, about 80 % of the Amazon is in Brazil.

The Amazon remains a mystery to most outsiders, but their impressions are often more fiction than fact. Demystifying the Amazon requires an understanding of its diversity and human residents. Here biological, indigenous, and colonial ecologies are briefly considered.

Biological Ecology

About half of the world’s tropical rain forest is in the Amazon region, the largest reservoir of biological diversity in the world. Typically within just a few square miles of forest live more than a thousand species of plants and hundreds of species each of birds, mammals, amphibians, and...

Keywords

Tropical Rain Forest Interior Forest Indigenous Culture Terra Firme Terra Firme Forest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of Hawai’iHonoluluUSA