Munīśvara, also known as Viśveśvara, was a seventeenth-century mathematician from Vārāṇasi (Benaras). He was the author of a number of works like the Pāṭīsāra, the Gaṇitaprakāśa, and the Siddhāntasārvabhauma and wrote two glosses on the treatises of Bhāskara II, the Nisṛṣṭārthadūtī on the Līlāvatī and the Marīcī on the Siddhāntaśiromaṇi. He seems to have served the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan (r. 1628–1658).
Munīśvara (b. 1603) belonged to a long and illustrious pedigree of mathematicians and astronomers hailing from Maharashtra. His father Raṅganātha came from the village of Elachpur near Dewas in Madhya Pradesh and was the author of the Gūḍhārthaprakāśikā, a commentary on the Sūryasiddhānta. Raṅganātha’s brother Kṛṣṇa Daivajña was also an accomplished mathematician who wrote two glosses on Bhāskara II, the Navāṅkura on the Bījagaṇita and the Kalpalatāvatāra on the Līlāvatī. Kṛṣṇa Daivajña is known to have served at the court of the Mughal ruler Jahangir (r. 1605–1628). Both Kṛṣṇa...
KeywordsMathematical Principle Grating Method Arabic System Mughal Ruler
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