Cotton in Indonesia

  • Pierre van der EngEmail author
Living reference work entry

Since the early 1980s, Indonesia has become one of the world’s biggest exporters of cotton textiles and garments. The expansion of textile production was based on the processing of imported yarn and raw cotton, rather than domestically grown cotton. This development renewed interest in increasing the local production of raw cotton to reduce import dependence. During the next 25 years, the Ministry of Agriculture pursued various ways to expand the area under cotton and raise productivity, most recently in 2009, as part of a 5-year strategic plan that envisaged lifting domestic cotton production from less than 5,000–63,000 t in 2014, or 12 % of the expected raw cotton needs of Indonesia’s textile industry. All signs are that this target will not be reached, as domestic production lingered at an annual average of 3,000 t during 2008–2012.

This outcome may not come as a surprise when looking back in time. Since the nineteenth century, public authorities in Indonesia have unsuccessfully...


Cotton Cloth Cotton Fiber Farm Household Crop Failure Cotton Production 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia