Ghulām Ḥusain Jaunpūrī

  • S. M. Razaullah Ansari
Living reference work entry


Abul Qāsim, alias Ghulām Ḥusain Karbalā’ī bin Fataḥ Muḥammad Jaunpūrī (1790–1862), was taught by his father and other contemporary mathematicians and astronomers. He was a court astronomer of the Rājah of Tikārī: Rāja Khān Bahādur Khān Nuṣsrat Jang, son of a Hindu Mahārāja Mitrajīt Singh and of a Muslim mother. Tikari is a town in South Bihar (24° 57 N, 84° 53 E), in India, where Ghulām Ḥusain carried out his astronomical observations, according to his own testimony. Later, he shifted to Banāras (modern Varanasi) and Murshidābād. Actually, he was appointed first Chief Justice (Ṣadr as-Ṣudūr) at the court of the Raja of Banāras and later served also Nawāb of Murshidābād. He died on his way to his hometown Jaunpūr, in Dā’ūdpūr city, in A.H.1279/A.D.1862.

Scientific Writings: Major Works

  1. 1.

    “On Problems of Astrolabe for Friendly Companions” (Anīs al–Aḥbāb fī Bayān Masāil Aṣturlāb)written in 1818. Its manuscripts are extant in KhB (Patna) with two copies. Ms.1063 is a copy of...


Solar Eclipse Arabic Text Lunar Eclipse Small Tract Astronomical Instrument 
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  1. Ansari, S. M. R. (1995/96).Ghulām Ḥusain Jaunpurī and his Zīj-i Bahādurkhānī. Studies in History of Medicine and Science (New Delhi), 14(1–2), 181–188, New Series.Google Scholar
  2. Ansari, S. M. R. (2002a). Modern astronomy in Indo–Persian writings. In S.M. R. Ansari (Ed.), History of oriental astronomy: Proceedings of the IAU joint discussion 17D, held at the XXXIIIrd General Assembly of IAU (Kyoto/Japan Aug.1997), (pp.137–139), esp. p. 138. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publisher, distributed now by Springer Science, Dordrecht, Holland.Google Scholar
  3. Ansari, S. M. R. (2002b). Practical astronomy in Indo–Persian sources. Indian Journal of History of Science, 37(3), 255–265.Google Scholar
  4. Ansari, S. M. R. (2007). On Raja Sawa’i Jai Singh. In Thomas Hockey (Editor-in-chief), The biographical encyclopedia of astronomers. Dordrecht, Springer Science (Holland) (Vol. I, pp. 585–586). The revised and updated version is being published in the second edition of BEA, expected in 2014.Google Scholar
  5. Ansari, S. M. R. & Sarma, S. R. (1999/2000). Ghulām Ḥusain Jaunpurī’s Encyclopaedia of Mathematics and Astronomy. Studies in History of Med. & Science (New Delhi), 16(1–2), 77–93, New Series.Google Scholar
  6. Ghulām Ḥusain Jaunpūrī. (1855–58). Zīj-i Bahādurkhānī. Lithographed at Cadre (Kādar) Press, Banaras. The Copy in Salar Jang Museum Library(Hyderabad) contains 906 pages. Another copy is extant in NMPL (Murshidabad). One manuscript transcribed on modern paper is in APSCL(Hyderabad). Reprinted in 2009 with a foreword by Farid Ghassemlou, Azad University, Tehran.Google Scholar
  7. Ghulām Ḥusain Jaunpūrī (1835). Jāmiʻ Bahādurkhānī, calligraphist Munshī Nasīmuddīn, lithographically printed . Calcutta. Reprinted in 2008 with a foreword by Farid Ghassemlou, Azad University, Tehran. See for details of the extant printed copies and few manuscripts in section 2 above.Google Scholar
  8. Rahman, A. (1982). Science and technology in medieval India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian, New Delhi, pp. 309 (column 1–2), 387–388 (column 1–2).Google Scholar
  9. Storey, C. A. (1972). Persian literature, (Vol. II), Pt. 1, London 1972 (reprinted), No. 43, pp. 19–20, No. 161, p. 99.Google Scholar
  10. Tytler, J. (1837). Analysis and specimens of a Persian work on mathematics and astronomy. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 4, 254–271. This is the first account of Ghulām Ḥusain’s Jāmiʻ Bahādurkhānī in English.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Former Professor of PhysicsAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia