• Evert van Leeuwen
Reference work entry


Does suffering from a disease come from natural cause, does it imply personal guilt, or is it a token of God’s Will that has to be obeyed? These questions are at the heart of many denominations of Protestant Christian Religion. The question is also relevant to UNESCO’s declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. Are those rights fundamental or are they subjected to Divine Law? The latter question will be discussed after a small overview of the variety of branches in Protestantism and their main developments in discussion health, disease, and death.


Scientific Endeavor Protestant Church Unbearable Suffering Personal Faith Charles Versus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UMC St Radboud, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical CentreNijmegenNetherlands

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