Biobanking

Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter applies the principles contained within the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights to ethics and governance issues arising in the context of biobanks. Biobanks are structured resources that can be used for the purpose of genetic research, which include (a) human biological materials and/or information generated from the analysis of the same and (b) extensive associated information. For the purpose of this chapter, the principles are discussed within the following groupings:
  • Human dignity, equity, and respect for cultural diversity: Articles 3, 8, 10, 11, 12, and 17

  • Autonomy and consent: Articles 5, 6, 7, and 9

  • Solidarity and cooperation: Articles 4, 12, 14, and 16

  • Sharing of benefits: Article 15

While the particular issues relating to biobanks require specific attention, this should not mean that the principles within the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights do not apply. Thus, “biobank exceptionalism” claims for waiving requirements to obtain informed consent to sharing of intellectual property rights should be challenged.

Keywords

Genetic Research Human Dignity Mental Capacity Intellectual Property Right Universal Declaration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academic Unit of Public HealthLeeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of LeedsLeedsUK

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