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The Modern Social Contract Tradition

  • Lisa HerzogEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter discusses central strands of the modern social contract tradition. Distinguishing between moral and political theories on the one hand and contractualist and contractarian theories on the other, it presents one example of each of the ensuing categories: Gauthier’s moral contractarianism, Buchanan’s political contractarianism, Scanlon’s moral contractualism, and Rawls’ political contractualism. In the conclusion, strengths and weaknesses of social contract theories are discussed.

Keywords

Social contract Rawls Scanlon Gauthier Buchanan Reason Self-interest Original position Rational choice Veil of ignorance Contractualism Contractarianism 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich Philosophie, School of Humanities and Social SciencesUniversität St. GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland

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