Advertisement

The Philosophical Foundations of the Capabilities Approach

  • Jesús ConillEmail author

Abstract

This chapter presents (a) the capabilities approach as a real freedom perspective through the connections with the ethics of Aristotle and through its eleutheronomic foundation in Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, and Karl Marx; (b) the contributions of the impartial spectator as open impartiality to the idea of justice; and (c) a broader conception of rationality.

Keywords

Aristotle Smith Kant Marx Rawls Sen Freedom Justice Rationality Impartial spectator Capability Poverty Eleutheronomy Development Adaptative preferences Universalism Public reason Intrinsic value Ethics Practical philosophy 

References

  1. 1.
    Crocker DA (1992) Functioning and capability. The foundations of Sen’s and Nussbaum’s development ethic. Political Theory 20(4):584–612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Crocker D (1998) Florecimiento humano y desarrollo internacional. Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, p 43Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chaves J (1999) De la utopía a la política económica. San Esteban-Edibesa, Salamanca/MadridGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    O’Neill O (1995) Justice, capabilities, and vulnerabilities. In: Nussbaum MC, Glover J (eds) Women culture and development. Clarendon, Oxford, pp 140–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cortina A (2002) Por una ética del consumo. Taurus, MadridGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lelli S (2002) Libertà, solidarietà, equità: liberalismo sociale e relativismo comunitario nella concezione di A. Sen. In: Mazzocchi G, Vilani A (eds) Alla ricerca di principi di giustizia. Franco Angeli, Milán, pp 227–258Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Conill J (2004) Horizontes de economía ética. Tecnos, MadridGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sánchez P (2008) Raíces intelectuales de Amartya Sen. Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales, MadridGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    van Parijs P (1995) Real freedom for all. Clarendon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sen A (1993) Capability and well-being. In: Nussbaum M, Sen A (eds) The quality of life. Clarendon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, I, 5Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nussbaum M (1988) Nature, function and capability: Aristotle on political distribution. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, suppl vol. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 145–184Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sen A (1999) Development as freedom. Anchor Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sen A (1999) Development as freedom. Anchor Books, New York, p 75Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ortega y Gasset J (2006) Prólogo a Historia de la Filosofía, de Émile Bréhier. Complete Works, Taurus, Madrid, VI, pp 163–169Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cubells F (1981) El acto energético en Aristóteles. Facultad de Teología San Vicente Ferrer, ValenciaGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cortina A (1993) Ética aplicada y democracia radical. Tecnos, MadridGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sen A (1989) Hunger and public action. Clarendon, Oxford, p 42, quoted by Crocker, 1998, p 70Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Conill J (1991) El enigma del animal fantástico. Tecnos, MadridGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sen A (1973) On economic inequality. Clarendon, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cohen GA (1978) Karl Marx’s theory of history: a defense. Clarendon, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Brenkert GG (1983) Marx’s ethics of freedom. Routledge and Kegan Paul, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sen A (1999) Development as freedom. Anchor Books, New York, Chap. 3: “Freedom and the Foundations of Justice”Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Pereira G (2009) Preferencias adaptativas como bloqueo de la autonomía. In: Cortina A, Pereira G (eds) Pobreza y libertad. Tecnos, Madrid, pp 57–76Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sen A (1999) Development as freedom. Anchor Books, New York, pp 62–63Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sen A (1984) Resources, values and development. Blackwell, Oxford, quoted by Crocker, p 43Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sen A (2009) The idea of justice. Allen Lane, Penguin Books, LondonGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Smith A (1975) The theory of moral sentiments. Clarendon Press, London, III, 1, 2 (quoted by Sen, The Idea of Justice, p 128)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nagel TH (2005) The problem of global justice. Philos Public Aff 33/2:113–147 (p 115)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rawls JA (1971) Theory of justice. Oxford University Press, Oxford, p 78Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Rawls J (1993) Political liberalism. Columbia University Press, New York, pp 110–116Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Rawls J (1999) The idea of public reason revisited. In: Freeman S (ed) Collected papers. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, pp 573–615Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Habermas J (1996) Die Einbeziehung des Anderen. Suhrkamp, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Muguerza J (1990) Desde la perplejidad. F.C.E, MadridGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Cortina A (1997) Ciudadanos del mundo. Alianza, MadridGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Crocker DA (2008) Ethics of global development: agency, capability and deliberative democracy. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Sen A (1987) On ethics and economics. Blackwell, Oxford, pp IX–XI, Foreword by John M. LeticheGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Sen A (1987) On ethics and economics. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Sen A (2002) Rationality and freedom. The Bellknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge/LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Filosofía Moral y PolíticaUniversidad de ValenciaValenciaSpain

Personalised recommendations