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Cerebro-Cerebellar Connections

  • Richard Apps
  • Thomas C. Watson

Abstract

The cerebro-cerebellar system is one of the largest pathways in the central nervous system, yet knowledge of its structure and function remains far from complete. This is an important gap in understanding because anatomical connectivity is a key determinant of cerebellar function. This chapter focuses on recent advances in understanding the anatomical and physiological properties of cerebro-cerebellar connections in nonhuman species. There are two main routes by which cerebral information can gain access to the cerebellum: cerebro-ponto-cerebellar pathways that terminate in the cerebellar cortex as mossy fibers and cerebro-olivocerebellar pathways that terminate as climbing fibers. A common principle of organization seems to be the convergence of somatotopically corresponding pathways, with the climbing fiber system playing a key role in imposing this order. In addition to this well-ordered spatial arrangement, there is also precise timing of integration of ascending and descending inputs. The spatial and temporal congruence of inputs is consistent with the one-map hypothesis of cerebellar organization (Apps and Hawkes 2009). The functional significance of this precise arrangement remains to be determined but is likely to have a major impact on cerebellar activity.

Keywords

Purkinje Cell Motor Cortex Cerebellar Cortex Mossy Fiber Inferior Olive 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Physiology and PharmacologyUniversity of BristolBristolUK
  2. 2.Department of PharmacologyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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