Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

2014 Edition
| Editors: Paul B. Thompson, David M. Kaplan

Chinese Agriculture

  • Adam WittenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0929-4_69


Agricultural history; Agriculture and environment; Chinese agronomy; Crop systems; Cultivation; Farming


Chinese agriculture is one of the oldest agricultural systems and one of the most influential, having contributed cultivars, techniques, and land management systems to neighboring peoples. Chinese agriculturalists have proven incredibly resilient. Adopting foreign cultivars and technology, such as wheat, the plow, and tea, they modified and expanded existing methodologies to transform an extensive, dryland agriculture into a multifaceted agricultural system including wet- and dryland crops, tree plantations, floating fields, and inland aquaculture. In doing so, Chinese farmers, historical and contemporary, have also had to grapple with significant ethical, social, and environment challenges. Long-term erosion, siltation, and flooding have been compounded, since the beginning of the twentieth century, by the social, economic, and environmental aspects of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA