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Carnivals; Celebrations; Community special events; Fiesta


A themed public occurrence beyond everyday experience; temporary, with a planned beginning and end yet often held at recurring periods; produced to bring people either living in a defined area or sharing common interests together with a variety of activities for an array of social, psychological, educational, and business purposes while giving rise to the social capital, a sense of place, and the well-being of its stakeholders.


With the retreat of the glaciers 11,000 years ago, roving clans congregated into agrarian cultural hearths and spawned the first acknowledged community festivals. These special events, outside the realm of everyday life activity, held for reasons of sacred celebration and ritual as well as secular trading and security, lead to increased communitas, a transitory sense of camaraderie (Turner, 1969). Historically, Egyptian’s celebrated their deities, pharaohs, and the...

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Correspondence to Vernon Biaett .

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Biaett, V. (2014). Community Festivals. In: Michalos, A.C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Dordrecht.

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