Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Gender Role Attitudes in Afghanistan

  • Lynne L. ManganaroEmail author
  • Nicholas O. Alozie
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_4136


 Gender role attitudes pertain to peoples’ expectations of the appropriate “place” of the sexes (men and women) in the human society. Indigenous or adapted, such attitudes are shaped through a variety of cultural, religious, and normative lenses specific to each locale and transmitted to the cohorts from generation to generation through socialization and indoctrination, broadly defined (Kelly, 1986). Gender role attitudes are not benign. They codify behavioral  norms and shape life’s chances and outcomes (Mayer & Schmidt, 2004). For women especially, these enduring gender orientations remain a perpetual game changer, particularly in traditional societies where women’s ascribed status remains decidedly more “inferior” than men’s and change is fiercely resisted (Haque, 2003). But gender role attitudes are not immutable. They vary with population diversity, industrialization, level of democratization, greater social density, and increased levels of division of labor (Khalid &...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Public Affairs and Social ResearchTexas A&M International UniversityLaredoUSA
  2. 2.Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA