Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Yoga and the Quality of Life

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_3818



For millenniums, yoga has been used as a way of improving physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual states of its partitioners in  India. However, its impacts on  health and  quality of life have only recently started being explored in the West during the last few decades. To appreciate its potential effectiveness in improving the quality of life of mankind, one must have a basic understanding of the fundamentals of yogic science as well as the result of the recent scientific studies that have investigated its impact on the quality of life of patients suffering from different ailments.


Alexis Carrel, a renowned Nobel Prize winner, French surgeon, and biologist, once said: “The quality of life is more important than the life itself.” Most people agree with Carrel; however, in order to integrate his concept into modern medical care, we must change our entire approach from simply...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access


  1. Afonso, R. F., Hachul, H., Kozasa, E. H., Oliveira Dde, S., Goto, V., Rodrigues, D., et al. (2012). Yoga decreases insomnia in postmenopausal women: A randomized clinical trial. Menopause, 19(2), 186–193.Google Scholar
  2. Bowman, A. J., Clayton, R. H., Murray, A., Reed, J. W., Subhan, M. M., & Ford, G. A. (1997). Effects of aerobic exercise training and yoga on the baroreflex in healthy elderly persons. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 27(5), 443–449.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, R. P., & Gerbarg, P. L. (2005). Sudarshan Kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression: Part I-neurophysiologic model. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11(1075–5535), 189–201.Google Scholar
  4. Carson, J. W., Carson, K. M., Porter, L. S., Keefe, F. J., Shaw, H., & Miller, J. M. (2007). Yoga for women with metastatic breast cancer: Results from a pilot study. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 33(3), 331–341.Google Scholar
  5. Ebnezar, J., Nagarathna, R., Bali, Y., & Nagendra, H. R. (2011). Effect of an integrated approach of yoga therapy on quality of life in osteoarthritis of the knee joint: A randomized control study. Intertnational Journal of Yoga, 4(2), 55–63.Google Scholar
  6. Galantino, M. L., Greene, L., Daniels, L., Dooley, B., Muscatello, L., & O’Donnell, L. (2012). Longitudinal impact of yoga on chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment and quality of life in women with early stage breast cancer: A case series. Explore (NY), 8(2), 127–135.Google Scholar
  7. Goncalves, L. C., Vale, R. G., Barata, N. J., Varejao, R. V., & Dantas, E. H. (2011). Flexibility, functional autonomy and quality of life (QoL) in elderly yoga practitioners. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 53(2), 158–162.Google Scholar
  8. Innes, K. E., Bourguignon, C., & Taylor, A. G. (2005). Risk indices associated with the insulin resistance syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and possible protection with yoga: a systematic review. The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 18(6), 491–519.Google Scholar
  9. Joshi, S., Khandwe, R., Bapat, D., & Deshmukh, U. (2011). Effect of yoga on menopausal symptoms. Menopause International, 17(3), 78–81.Google Scholar
  10. Kamei, T., Toriumi, Y., Kimura, H., Ohno, S., Kumano, H., & Kimura, K. (2000). Decrease in serum cortisol during yoga exercise is correlated with alpha wave activation. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 90(3 Pt 1), 1027–1032.Google Scholar
  11. Larson, J. S. (2006). The World Health Organization’s definition of health: Social versus spiritual health. Social Indicators Research, 38(2), 181–192.Google Scholar
  12. Raghavendra, R. M., Nagarathna, R., Nagendra, H. R., Gopinath, K. S., Srinath, B. S., Ravi, B. D., et al. (2007). Effects of an integrated yoga programme on chemotherapy-induced nausea and emesis in breast cancer patients. European Journal of Cancer Care (England), 16(6), 462–474.Google Scholar
  13. Rakhshani, A., Maharana, S., Raghuram, N., Nagendra, H. R., & Venkatram, P. (2010). Effects of integrated yoga on quality of life and interpersonal relationship of pregnant women. Quality of Life Research, 19(10), 1447–1455.Google Scholar
  14. Rocha, K. K., Ribeiro, A. M., Rocha, K. C., Sousa, M. B., Albuquerque, F. S., Ribeiro, S., et al. (2012). Improvement in physiological and psychological parameters after 6 months of yoga practice. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 843–850.Google Scholar
  15. Santaella, D. F., Devesa, C. R., Rojo, M. R., Amato, M. B., Drager, L. F., Casali, K. R., et al. (2011). Yoga respiratory training improves respiratory function and cardiac sympathovagal balance in elderly subjects: A randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 1(1), e000085. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000085.Google Scholar
  16. Singh, P., Singh, B., Dave, R., & Udainiya, R. (2011). The impact of yoga upon female patients suffering from hypothyroidism. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 17(3), 132–134.Google Scholar
  17. Stoller, C. C., Greuel, J. H., Cimini, L. S., Fowler, M. S., & Koomar, J. A. (2012). Effects of sensory-enhanced yoga on symptoms of combat stress in deployed military personnel. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 66(1), 59–68.Google Scholar
  18. Tekur, P., Chametcha, S., Hongasandra, R. N., & Raghuram, N. (2010). Effect of yoga on quality of life of CLBP patients: A randomized control study. Intertnational Journal of Yoga, 3(1), 10–17.Google Scholar
  19. Tuzun, S., Aktas, I., Akarirmak, U., Sipahi, S., & Tuzun, F. (2010). Yoga might be an alternative training for the quality of life and balance in postmenopausal osteoporosis. European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 46(1), 69–72.Google Scholar
  20. Ulger, O., & Yagli, N. V. (2010). Effects of yoga on the quality of life in cancer patients. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 16(2), 60–63.Google Scholar
  21. Visceglia, E., & Lewis, S. (2011). Yoga therapy as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia: A randomized, controlled pilot study. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17(7), 601–607.Google Scholar
  22. West, J., Otte, C., Geher, K., Johnson, J., & Mohr, D. C. (2004). Effects of Hatha yoga and African dance on perceived stress, affect, and salivary cortisol. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 28(0883–6612), 114–118.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yoga and Life SciencesSVYASA UniversityBangaloreIndia