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The Low Income Measures (LIMs) are a set of thresholds estimated by Statistics Canada that identify Canadians whose incomes are below half of the median of the adjusted income distribution. The adjustment is made such that economies of scale in consumption within a household are accounted for. Statistics Canada uses LIMs and other low-income thresholds to generate various low-income indices or statistics. These statistics help researchers to study the characteristics of relatively worse off Canadians and to report trends and changing compositions of low-income families and individuals (Fellegi, 1997).


From the late 1960s through the late 1980s, Statistics Canada produced low-income thresholds and low-income statistics using the low income cut-offs (LICOs). In the late 1980s, a wide-ranging public consultation led Statistics Canada to introduce the LIMs as a complement to the LICOs (Wolfson & Evans, 1989), and thereafter, low-income statistics based on LIMs were...

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Correspondence to Xuelin Zhang .

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Zhang, X., Murphy, B. (2014). Low Income Measures (LIMs). In: Michalos, A.C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Dordrecht.

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