Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Social Cohesion

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_2739

Definition

Social cohesion refers to the extent of connectedness and solidarity among groups in society. It identifies two main dimensions: the sense of belonging of a community and the relationships among members within the community itself. It stems from a democratic effort to establish social balance, economic dynamism, and national identity, with the goals of founding a system of equity, sustaining the impulses of uncontrolled economic growth, and avoiding social fractures.

Social cohesion is a social process which aims to consolidate plurality of citizenship by reducing inequality and socioeconomic disparities and fractures in the society. It reflects people’s needs for both personal development and a sense of belonging and links together individual freedom and social justice, economic efficiency and the fair sharing of resources, and pluralism and common rules for resolving all conflicts.

Description

There are many different definition and consequently conceptual approaches to...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Canadian Government. (1999). Final report on social cohesion. Ottawa: The Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science, and Technology.Google Scholar
  2. Council of Europe. (2005). Methodological guide on social cohesion policy. Retrieved April 2013, from http://www.coe.int/t/dg3/socialpolicies/socialcohesi ondev/source/GUIDE_en.pdf
  3. Durkheim, E. (1893). The division of labor in society (G. Simpson, Trans.). New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  4. Easterly, W., Ritzen, J., & Woolcock, M. (2006). Social cohesion, institutions, and growth. Economics and Politics, 18(2), 103–120. Wiley Blackwell, 2007.Google Scholar
  5. Rossel, S. (1995). Changing maps: Governing in a world of rapid change. Ottawa: Carleton Univerity Press.Google Scholar
  6. Ritzen, J., Easterly, W., & Woolcock, M. (2000). On ‘good’ politicians and ‘bad’ policies: Social cohesion, institutions and growth.Google Scholar
  7. Rudiger, A., & Spencer, S. (2004). Meeting the challenge: Equality, diversity and cohesion in the European Union’, Paper presented to the Joint European Commission/OECD conference on the economic effects and social aspects of migration, Brussels.Google Scholar
  8. Stanley, D. (2001). Holding the centre: What we know about social cohesion. Strategic Research and Analysis and the Social Cohesion Network.Google Scholar
  9. Stanley, D. (2003). What do we know about social cohesion: The research perspective of the Federal Government’s Social Cohesion Research Network. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 28(1), 5–18.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.European Institute for Gender EqualityVilniusLithuania