Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Occupational Sex Segregation

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1996



Following (Reardon & O’Sullivan, 2004), “ segregation can be thought of as the extent to which individuals of different groups occupy and experience different social environments.” To put it more sharply, “segregation is a social mechanism that preserves inequality across groups” (Reskin, 1999). Although different dimensions of the problem have been described in the literature (Massey & Denton, 1988), evenness is the most frequently discussed. According to this conception, segregation exists if the population subgroups into which the economy is divided (women/men, blacks/whites) are not similarly distributed among organizational units (occupations, schools, neighborhoods). In particular, occupational sex segregation occurs when women are underrepresented (or overrepresented) in some occupations as compared to men. The most...

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Economía AplicadaUniversidade de VigoVigoSpain