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Livability is the degree to which a living environment fits the adaptive repertoire of a species. Applied to human society, it denotes the fit of institutional arrangements with human needs and capacities. Livability theory explains observed differences in happiness in terms of need-environment fit.
Like all animals, humans have innate needs, such as for food, safety, and companionship.
Gratification of needs manifests in hedonic experience.
Hedonic experience determines how much we like the life we live (happiness). Hence, happiness depends on need gratification.
Need gratification depends on both external living conditions and inner abilities to use these. Hence, bad living conditions will reduce happiness, in particular when its demands exceed human capabilities.
Societies are systems for meeting human needs, but not all...
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