Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Gender Role Conflict

  • Joop SchippersEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1141


Gender role conflict can be described as the problems following from the discrepancy women and men experience between the different roles they have to play in modern society. First, there is their traditional role: for women as a mother, a carer, and a housekeeper and for men as a breadwinner, who earns a proper living for his wife and his children. Second, there is the modern role of emancipated and independent women as dedicated workers in the labor market and of dedicated fathers who also take responsibility for the care and upbringing of their children.


The origin of the gender role conflict can be found in economic history (Pott-Buter, 1993). The industrial revolution resulted in a spatial distinction between the place where people lived and the place where people worked for a substantial part of the day. Early industrial establishments were often dirty and unhealthy places to be. Yet, many complete families, including women and children, needed to go out...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universiteit UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands