From Research to Operations: The PITVANT UAS Training Experience

  • Maria da Luz Madruga Matos
  • João Vieira Caetano
  • José A. P. Morgado
  • J. B. de Sousa
Reference work entry


The PITVANT Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Research and Development (R&D) program training experience is described, including the different crew positions and responsibilities, as well as the several training phases. This is done by presenting the systems engineering methodology behind all the developments carried by the joint team of the Portuguese Air Force Academy and the Porto University, together with the PITVANT UAS architecture and main features. The training program is then described including theoretical classes, written exams, and practical instruction and evaluation. In addition, the process of developing, testing, and validating concepts of operations and the correspondent operational procedures and their training with the involvement of end users is also reported. The current operational capabilities of the systems are explained, showing that the PITVANT program has achieved a level of maturity that enables testing and validation in near real scenarios. This leads to the next step in the systems spiral development that should include, in the near future, the possibility of technology transfer to the industry. The PITVANT program is currently on its fifth year of existence, and the several air vehicles have logged about 730 takeoffs adding up to about 320 h of flight, most of which at the Portuguese Air Force Airbase in Ota, which is permanently assigned to the PITVANT program. Several operators and pilots have been trained under the scope of the program, and currently the team of 20 people operates the different PITVANT UAS on a daily basis. The extremely low accident ratio, of about 0.5 %, is a good indicator of the effectiveness of the training schemes that the research team has implemented.

At the end of the program, the team expects that the UAS have reached a level of maturity that will allow industrialization.


Operational Team Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Unman Aircraft System Ground Control Station Flight Manager 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria da Luz Madruga Matos
    • 1
  • João Vieira Caetano
    • 1
  • José A. P. Morgado
    • 1
  • J. B. de Sousa
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de InvestigaçãoAcademia da Força AéreaSintraPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

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