Systems Scale Thinking for Wetland Management

  • Mark Everard
Reference work entry


Systems thinking explores whole systems, which behave in ways that may not be predictable from analysis of their constituent parts. Wetlands and other ecosystems comprise complex interactions of living and nonliving components and so must be treated as integrated systems of great complexity producing a range of ecosystem service outputs. Their socioeconomic context is also highly significant in understanding the benefits of wetlands and their vulnerability to human interventions, making systemic thinking essential for effective wetland management.


Systems Emergent properties Ecosystem services Complexity Sustainable management Interdependence Socioecological system Natural infrastructure Resilience 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Water Security Network, University of the West of EnglandBristolUK

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