The Wetland Book pp 1529-1532 | Cite as

Ramsar Convention Typology of Wetlands

  • C. Max Finlayson
Reference work entry


The Ramsar Convention’s typology of wetlands was adopted in 1990 along with an information sheet for describing Ramsar sites. The typology was loosely based on the Classification of Wetlands and Deepwater Habitats of the United States and referred to the definition of wetlands adopted by the Convention in 1972. Given the breadth of the definition the classification covers a wider range of wetland types than many others. The typology comprises three broad groups of wetlands: marine and coastal; inland; and human-made. Within each group, there are a number of types, totalling 42 in all. The purpose of the typology is to provide a broad framework to assist in the rapid identification of the main wetland habitats represented at each Ramsar site.


Wetland classification Wetland typology Ramsar 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Land, Water and SocietyCharles Sturt UniversityAlburyAustralia
  2. 2.UNESCO-IHE, Institute for Water EducationDelftThe Netherlands

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