The Wetland Book pp 1983-1990 | Cite as

Denitrification in Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment and Created Riverine Wetlands

  • Ülo Mander
  • Julien Tournebize
  • William J. Mitsch
Reference work entry

Abstract

Human activities have altered the nitrogen (N) cycle substantially at both local, regional and global levels. As a result, the availability of reactive N in the environment has greatly increased, causing the leaching of nitrogen surface waters, groundwater and oceans and creating eutrophication of freshwater ecosystems, hypoxia in coastal waters and pollution of groundwater. Constructed wetlands (CW) can be used to remove the excess reactive N from water environment, whereas nitrate, the most common component of nitrogen in the aquatic environment, is normally removed during the denitrification. Opportunities for this approach are presented, offering examples from various parts of the world. The problems of controlling emission of nitrous oxide, which is a byproduct of denitrification and being a dangerous greenhouse gas and destroyer of ozone layer, are also discussed.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ülo Mander
    • 1
  • Julien Tournebize
    • 2
  • William J. Mitsch
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Ecology and Earth SciencesUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia
  2. 2.IRSTEAFrance
  3. 3.Gulf Coast UniversityFloridaUSA

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