The Wetland Book pp 1729-1739 | Cite as

Functional Assessment of Wetlands

  • Edward Maltby
Reference work entry


Decisions affecting wetlands historically have been dominated by sectoral viewpoints, for example, drainage to improve agriculture or wildlife conservation. Government policies supporting wetland maintenance, where they existed, have been based largely on traditional conservation arguments. Such a nature conservation ethic has been insufficient alone to prevent progressive wetland degradation and loss on a global scale. It has commonly failed to compete with the more immediate socio-economic needs of people perceived to result from the alternative uses of wetland areas. This chapter examines the more recent approaches to wetland management which assess their functioning and the delivery of different ecosystem services valuable to people. Functional assessment can help with the more rational decision-making for wetland resources worldwide.


Wetland functioning FAPS Wetland assessment Hydrogeomorphic Units (HGMUs) Decision-making Wetland management 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Emeritus Professor of Wetland Science, Water and Ecosystem ManagementSchool of Environmental Science, University of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK

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