The Wetland Book pp 2037-2041 | Cite as

Environmental Impact Assessment for Wetlands: Scoping

  • Roel Slootweg
Reference work entry


In Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), the scoping phase is used to define the focus of the EIA and to identify key issues to be studied in more detail. Scoping results in terms of reference for the EIA study and sets out the proposed approach and methodology. The steps of the scoping process can be followed in an iterative way depending on the information gathered and the project or ecosystem at hand. This includes a description of the proposed project, of the expected biophysical changes, and of possible alternative project plans; determination of the spatial and temporal extent of the changes and of effects on linked ecosystems and land use systems; assessment of effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services, and of possible measures to avoid or mitigate the impact; and identification of potential surveys needed to gather information. Many of the steps in the scoping process involve stakeholder participation. A number of practical recommendations for the scoping process is given.


Environmental impact assessment Scoping Decision-making Environmental policy Governance 


  1. CBD. Decision VIII/28 Impact assessment: Voluntary guidelines on biodiversity-inclusive impact assessment. Montreal: Convention on Biological Diversity; 2006.
  2. Ramsar Convention. Impact assessment: Guidelines on biodiversity-inclusive environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental assessment. In: Ramsar Handbooks for the wise use of wetlands, vol. 16. 4th ed. Gland: Ramsar Convention Secretariat; 2010.Google Scholar
  3. Slootweg R, Kolhoff A, Verheem R, Höft R. Biodiversity in EIA and SEA. Background Document to CBD Decision VIII/28: Voluntary Guidelines on Biodiversity-Inclusive Impact Assessment. Utrecht: Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment; 2006. (English, Spanish and French version published as Technical Paper No. 26 by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Slootweg en van SchootenOegstgeestThe Netherlands

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