The Wetland Book pp 2053-2058 | Cite as

Environmental Impact Assessment: Wetland Mitigation Banking

  • Genevieve Bennett
Reference work entry


In some countries, policies may be in place requiring parties responsible for causing harm to wetlands to minimize their damage and compensate for any impacts that are unavoidable. There are three common means for carrying out compensatory actions: do it yourself or hire an expert (“permittee-responsible mitigation”), pay into a fund for the compensation to be done later (“in-lieu fee fund”), or buy credits from a third party that has already developed, or “banked” compensation, in anticipation of future demand for wetland mitigation. All three of these mitigation solutions can be found in various shapes and sizes around the world. But the mitigation credit banking model is particularly widespread and mature in the United States and Germany.


Wetlands Mitigation Mitigation hierarchy Credit banking United States of America Germany Compensation Markets 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forest Trends’ Ecosystem MarketplaceWashingtonUSA

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