The Wetland Book pp 1353-1358 | Cite as

Cultural, Aesthetic, and Associated Wetland Ecosystem Services

  • Thymio Papayannis
  • Dave Pritchard
Reference work entry


The chapter refers to the multiple ecosystem services provided by wetlands, both tangible and intangible, which include cultural, spiritual and aesthetic services. Examples are given of specific sites in which these services are particularly prominent. The challenges faced in their maintenance and appropriate use are also mentioned. Finally, the role of these services in wetland management, conservation and wise use are briefly explained.


Ecosystem services Cultural services of wetlands Spiritual services of wetlands Cultural values of wetlands Wise use of wetlands 


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  4. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Ecosystems and human well-being: wetlands and water – synthesis report. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; 2005b.Google Scholar
  5. Papayannis T. Action for culture in Mediterranean wetlands. Athens: Med-INA; 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mediterranean Institute for Nature and AnthroposAthensGreece
  2. 2.HexhamUK

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