Management of Provisioning Services: Overview

  • Mark Everard
Reference work entry


Provisioning services comprise extractable material and energy provided by ecosystems. Many of the services that are most directly exploited by people are provisioning services, including for example food, fiber, water, and medicinal products. Dependable flows of food, water, and other key provisioning services are an essential basis for human wellbeing.

However, overexploitation of many provisioning services such as intensive food or timber production can overlook the importance of other services and the integrity of productive ecosystems themselves. Agriculture in particular is a major contributor to the degradation of wetland quantity, quality, and diversity globally, as well as at national scale.

The challenge of management of wetlands for provisioning services is two-fold. Firstly, sustainable management is required to ensure reliable flows of provisioning services. Secondly, there is a need for systemic management of ecosystems such that provisioning services are not extracted at rates and by means that erode the supply of other ecosystem services and the integrity of productive habitats.


Natural capital Resources Systemic management Food Timber Water resources 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Water Security Network, University of the West of EnglandBristolUK

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