Avoid-Mitigate-Compensate Sequence: Wetland Conservation

  • Royal C. Gardner
Reference work entry


The avoid-mitigate-compensate sequence is a common approach to wetland conservation. It has been recognized at the international level in various Ramsar Convention documents and in other multilateral fora. The avoid-mitigate-compensate sequence is also a regular feature of many countries’ environmental laws and policies, often using interchangeable correlated terms that are essentially consistent. In the wetland context, the avoid-mitigate-compensate sequence can be an important tool for maintaining the ecological character of wetlands. Such an approach may sometimes be related to a “no net loss” objective.


Avoidance Mitigation Compensation Offset “no net loss” 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Biodiversity Law and PolicyStetson University College of LawGulfportUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt UniversityAlburyAustralia
  3. 3.UNESCO-IHEDelftThe Netherlands

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