Cost-Sharing and Direct Payments for Wetland Protection

Reference work entry

Abstract

Given the significance of wetlands for habitat, carbon sequestration, water quality, and groundwater recharge, government agencies frequently sponsor programs that permit either cost-sharing or direct payments for wetland protection as well as wetland restoration. Many cost-sharing or direct payment programs for wetland protection are designed to either restore degraded wetlands or to pay for nondevelopment of a critical wetland area. The terms of these programs will differ depending on the government entity that coordinates the program. In some regions, such as the Philippines and Thailand, intergovernmental organizations or national governments may make payments to wetland communities to participate in projects such as mangrove reforestation as part of a larger project to enhance coastal human security. These programs have secondary benefits of protecting a wide range of additional wetland functions. For those parts of the world where there are inadequate nonmonetary incentives to protect wetland systems, designing programs that provide protection through “payments for ecosystem services” may prove effective in ensuring long-term protection for wetlands. By introducing a monetary incentive for long-term wetland protection of “natural capital,” communities may be willing to forego short-term benefits associated with immediate agricultural or commercial development. In order for these programs to be successful over the long term, there may need to be legal interventions beyond simply introducing a cost-sharing or direct payment program. For communities that continue to have insecure land tenure, people may be unwilling to forego short-term benefits of using land in exchange for long-term payments for restoration projects.

Keywords

Carbon sequestration Water quality Cost-sharing Protection Restoration Payments for ecosystem services Natural capital Incentives Tenure 

References

  1. California Landowner Incentive Program. http://www.dfg.ca.gov/lands/lip/
  2. Northeastern Indiana Wetland/Grassland Restoration Programs. http://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/files/newetlands.pdf
  3. South Africa Working for Wetlands- Program responsive to South African National Water Act (Act No.36 of 1998); See South African National Biodiversity Institute for description of program. http://wetlands.sanbi.org/index.php
  4. United States Partners for Fish and Wildlife Act: 16 U.S.C. 3771-3774. (P.L. 109-294).Google Scholar
  5. United States Wetland Reserve Act: 16 U.S.C. 3837-3837f. Authorized in §1438 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-624). Amended by §2201-2208 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246).Google Scholar
  6. United States Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program: 16 U.S.C. 3839bb-1. Authorized in §387 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-127). Amended by §2602 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of LawUniversity of IdahoMoscowUSA

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