Indus Waters Treaty

  • Nick C. Davidson
Reference work entry


The Indus River is among the longest rivers in Asia and the transboundary Indus River Basin is one of the largest in the region. Rising in the Tibetan Plateau of the Himalayas, the Indus flows through Afghanistan, China, India, and Pakistan, discharging through the Indus Delta into the Arabian Sea near Karachi. The largest areas of the Basin lie in Pakistan and India. The basin faces severe water stress. Increasing conflict in the 1950s over sharing the Basin’s water s between India and Pakistan led to the two countries signing the Indus Waters Treaty in 1960. The Treaty is recognized as one of the most successful transboundary water-sharing mechanisms in the world.


Indus River basin Treaty 


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  4. World Bank. Indus waters treaty. Washington, DC: World Bank. Undated.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Land, Water and SocietyCharles Sturt UniversityAlburyAustralia
  2. 2.Nick Davidson EnvironmentalWigmoreUK

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