Framework of International Conventions

  • Royal C. Gardner
Reference work entry


A convention is a written agreement between two or more countries that is governed by international law. Such an agreement might be formally called a treaty, convention, protocol, or other name, but the name is not critical. The important point is that the countries that are parties to the agreement intend to be bound by its provisions. The convention most relevant to wetlands is the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat, which is commonly referred to as the Ramsar Convention.


International Law Ramsar Convention Multilateral environmental agreement 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Biodiversity Law and Policy, Stetson University College of LawGulfportUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt UniversityAlburyAustralia
  3. 3.UNESCO-IHEDelftThe Netherlands

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