Maltreated Children

Abstract

Child maltreatment in the family is a serious social issue. This chapter reviews and discusses current available knowledge about the scope, definition and consequences of the problem. International data on prevalence are presented, showing that child maltreatment is a global and widespread problem, although more prevalent in low- and middle-income countries than in high-income countries. The difficulties in constructing universally acceptable definitions of child maltreatment are presented, and descriptions are provided of the four main types of maltreatment: physical abuse, neglect, psychological maltreatment, and sexual abuse. The chapter reviews current knowledge about the negative physical, psychological, behavioral, and cognitive effects of maltreatment through infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood and discusses factors influencing the wide variability in maltreatment outcomes. Finally, evidence is presented on resilience and factors that appear to protect children from the negative effects of maltreatment.

Keywords

Intimate Partner Violence Sexual Abuse Child Maltreatment Child Sexual Abuse Physical Abuse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social PsychologyUniversity of the Basque Country UPV/EHUSan SebastiánSpain

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