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The Chemistry of Marine Bacteria

  • Brian T. Murphy
  • Paul R. Jensen
  • William Fenical
Reference work entry

Abstract

The world’s oceans harbor extensive levels of bacterial diversity. Although much of this diversity remains uncharacterized, cultured representatives from a broad range of taxonomic groups are proving to be an important source of novel secondary metabolites. These metabolites include new carbon skeletons as well as compounds with a high degree of halogenation, a relatively common feature of marine-derived secondary metabolites. The bacteria being cultured from marine sources include new taxa, which are proving to be a particularly important source of new chemical entities. This chapter will provide the reader with a brief, though not comprehensive history of the secondary metabolites that have been isolated from marine bacteria. The focus is on the taxonomic distribution of the producing strains and interesting structural features and biological activities of the compounds that are being discovered from marine bacteria.

Keywords

Secondary Metabolite Marine Bacterium Cyclic Peptide Undescribed Species Genus Streptomyces 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the National Institutes of Health (Grant # RO1 GM85770 to PRJ), and in particular the National Cancer Institute (Grant # R37 CA044848 to WF), for their support in developing the field of marine microbial natural products chemistry.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian T. Murphy
    • 1
  • Paul R. Jensen
    • 1
  • William Fenical
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Marine Biotechnology and BiomedicineScripps Institution of Oceanography, University of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

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