Encyclopedia of Agrophysics

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jan Gliński, Józef Horabik, Jerzy Lipiec

Aeration of Soils and Plants

  • Witold Stępniewski
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-3585-1_6

Synonyms

Gas exchange in soils; Oxygenation of soils and plants; Oxygenology of soils and plants

Definition

Aeration of soils and plants is a term used in wide sense as a name of complex issues related to air transport and distribution in soil and its effect on processes occurring in soil and plants. Sometimes it is used in a narrow sense to denote gas exchange between soil and atmosphere, or only oxygen content in soil air or even as a name for a process of artificially forcing air into the soil (Gliński and Stępniewski, 1985).

Introduction

In soil medium intensive production, transformations, and consumption of a number of gases, which are transported to and from the atmosphere, take place. These processes are not only important for the production of plant biomass but also play an important environmental role.

The most important soil gasses are oxygen (indispensable for root respiration and important for microbial metabolism and for numerous biochemical and chemical processes) and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Witold Stępniewski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Land Surface Protection EngineeringLublin University of TechnologyLublinPoland