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Lateroglacial Landform Systems

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Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Synonyms

Ice-marginal landforms

Definition

Lateroglacial landforms are located at the lateral margins of the glaciers and belong to the glacial landscape systems. Down glacier they pass over into the laterofrontal and proglacial sediment environments. Lateroglacial landforms show characteristic landform sequences and assemblages (i.e., lateroglacial valleys, ablation depressions, earth pyramids) and are classified as a specific geomorphologic unit of the glacial environment.

Distribution

Lateroglacial landforms may occur at any glacier, preferentially at valley glaciers in mountain regions with sufficient debris supply areas and their associated forelands (i.e., in the European Alps, the Andes, and the Himalayas). They are best developed in the Karakoram Mountains (72°–79°E; 35°–36°N), where they have been investigated systematically as a specific geomorphological unit along 53 glaciers in regard to their distribution, evolution, and morphodynamics (Iturrizaga, 2001, 2003, 2007). The...

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Lateroglacial Landform Systems, Figure 1
Lateroglacial Landform Systems, Figure 2
Lateroglacial Landform Systems, Figure 3
Lateroglacial Landform Systems, Figure 4

Bibliography

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  • Iturrizaga, L., 1999. Typical debris accumulation forms and formations in High Asia. A glacial-history-based concept of the origin of postglacial debris accumulation landscapes in subtropical high mountains with selected examples from the Hindu Kush, the Karakoram and the Himalayas. In Kuhle, M. (ed.), Tibet and High Asia (V), GeoJournal, 47(1–2), 277–339.

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  • Iturrizaga, L., 2001. Lateroglacial valleys and landforms in the Karakoram mountains (Pakistan). In Kuhle, M. (ed.), Tibet and High Asia (VI), Special Volume, GeoJournal, 54(2–4), 397–428.

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  • Iturrizaga, L., 2003. The distribution and genesis of lateroglacial valleys in the Karakoram mountains (Pakistan). Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie N.F, 130, 51–74.

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  • Iturrizaga, L., 2007. Die Eisrandtäler im Karakorum: Verbreitung, Genese und Morphodynamik des lateroglazialen Sedimentformenschatzes. In Geography International. Aachen: Shaker Verlag, Vol. 2, p. 389.

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  • Iturrizaga, L., 2008. Post-sedimentary transformation of lateral moraines: the tributary tongue basins of the Kvíárjökull (Iceland). Journal of Mountain Sciences, 5(1), 1–16.

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Correspondence to Lasafam Iturrizaga .

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Iturrizaga, L. (2011). Lateroglacial Landform Systems. In: Singh, V.P., Singh, P., Haritashya, U.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2642-2_659

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