Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers

2011 Edition
| Editors: Vijay P. Singh, Pratap Singh, Umesh K. Haritashya

Arctic Hydroclimatology

  • Jessica Ellen CherryEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2642-2_644


Arctic hydrometeorology; Arctic water cycle; Cold region climatology; Northern hydrology


Arctic hydroclimatology is the study of water in the climate system of the far north. It can be differentiated from Arctic hydrometeorology in that it is generally concerned with longer than synoptic timescales. Physical climatologists typically focus on trying to quantify the fluxes and stocks of freshwater in the Arctic. The domain of interest includes the Arctic hydrologic catchment, which extends as far south as 45°N, but also includes transport of freshwater in the ocean and atmosphere in and out of the Northern Regions.

Fluxes of liquid, vapor, and frozen water between the land and the atmosphere include precipitation, evapotranspiration, and sublimation. Water stored on land includes that in snow cover, glaciers, lakes, rivers, in vegetation, and in ice-rich permafrost. Fluxes of water in the coastal areas include river runoff, air–sea interactions, and atmospheric...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. AARI, 1985. Atlas arktiki (Atlas of the Arctic). Treshnikov, A. F. (ed.), Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, State Committee of the USSR for Hydrometeorology and environmental monitoring, Directorate-General for Geodesy and Cartography of the USSR Council of Ministers, Moscow, 204p. (in Russian, English summaries) (AAR Figure 2.6).Google Scholar
  2. Arp, C. D., and Jones, B. M., 2009. Geography of Alaska lake districts: identification, description, and analysis of lake-rich regions of a diverse and dynamic state: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008–5215, 40p.Google Scholar
  3. Déry, S. J., Sheffield, J., and Wood, E. F., 2005. Connectivity between Eurasian snow cover extent and Canadian snow water equivalent and river discharge. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, D23, D23106, doi:10.1029/2005JD006173.Google Scholar
  4. IPCC, 2007. Summary for policymakers. In Parry, M. L., Canziani, O. F., Palutikof, J. P., van der Linden, P. J., and Hanson, C. E., (eds.), Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 7–22.Google Scholar
  5. Jefferies, M., Morris, K., and Liston, G., 1996. A method to determine lake depth and water availability on the north slope of Alaska with spaceborne imaging radar and numerical ice growth modeling. Arctic, 49(4), 367–374.Google Scholar
  6. McClelland, J. W., Holmes, R. M., Peterson, B. J., and Stieglitz, M., 2004. Increasing river discharge in the Eurasian Arctic: Consideration of dams, permafrost thaw, and fires as potential agents of change. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, D18102, doi:1010292004JD004583.Google Scholar
  7. McClelland, J. W., Déry, S. J., Peterson, B. J., Holmes, R. M., and Wood, E. F., 2006. A Pan-Arctic evaluation of changes in river discharge during the latter half of the 20th century. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L06715, doi:10.1029/2006GL025753.Google Scholar
  8. Smith, L. C., Sheng, Y., Macdonald, G. M., and Hinzman, L. D., 2005. Disappearing Arctic lakes. Science, 308, 1429.Google Scholar
  9. Yang, D., Goodison, B. E., Ishida, S., and Benson, C. S., 1998. Adjustment of daily precipitation data at 10 Climate stations in Alaska: Application of World Meteorological Organization Intercomparison Results. Water Resources Research, 34, 241–256.Google Scholar
  10. Yang, D., Kane, D., Zhang, Z., Legates, D., and Goodison, B., 2005. Biaas corrections of long-term (1973–2004) daily precipitation data over the northern regions. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L19501, doi:1010292005GL024057.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Arctic Research Center and Institute of Northern EngineeringUniversity of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA