Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers

2011 Edition
| Editors: Vijay P. Singh, Pratap Singh, Umesh K. Haritashya

Arctic Hydroclimatology

  • Jessica Ellen CherryEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2642-2_644

Synonyms

Arctic hydrometeorology; Arctic water cycle; Cold region climatology; Northern hydrology

Definition

Arctic hydroclimatology is the study of water in the climate system of the far north. It can be differentiated from Arctic hydrometeorology in that it is generally concerned with longer than synoptic timescales. Physical climatologists typically focus on trying to quantify the fluxes and stocks of freshwater in the Arctic. The domain of interest includes the Arctic hydrologic catchment, which extends as far south as 45°N, but also includes transport of freshwater in the ocean and atmosphere in and out of the Northern Regions.

Fluxes of liquid, vapor, and frozen water between the land and the atmosphere include precipitation, evapotranspiration, and sublimation. Water stored on land includes that in snow cover, glaciers, lakes, rivers, in vegetation, and in ice-rich permafrost. Fluxes of water in the coastal areas include river runoff, air–sea interactions, and atmospheric...

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Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Arctic Research Center and Institute of Northern EngineeringUniversity of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA