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Base Flow/Groundwater Flow

Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Synonyms

Drought flow; Groundwater recession flow; Low flow; Seepage flow; Infiltration; Deep percolation; Soil moisture redistribution

Definition

Base Flow: Between storms and runoff events, stream flow is maintained by groundwater discharge known as base flow, as long as the water table remains above the stream bottom (Delleur, 1999).

Groundwater: Groundwater is the liquid water flowing through aquifers. However, technically it includes soil moisture, permafrost, immobile water in very low permeability bedrock, and deep geothermal and oil formation water. It is the water (or ice) that resides beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations.

Aquifer: Aquifers are units of rock or an unconsolidated soil formation that can store and transmit a usable quantity of water.

Groundwater Flow: Groundwater flow occurs in soil and rock formations due to difference in hydraulic head or hydraulic potential within the unit or aquifer. The flow or...

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Correspondence to Debasmita Misra .

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Misra, D., Daanen, R.P., Thompson, A.M. (2011). Base Flow/Groundwater Flow. In: Singh, V.P., Singh, P., Haritashya, U.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2642-2_36

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