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Lake Ice

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Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

The lake ice formation takes place when the daily temperature is below the freezing point. Lake ice cover is normally a seasonal phenomenon and once formed the lake ice gets thicker and thicker over the course of the winter as the temperature gets colder and colder. It starts melting in spring. The surface water of the lake freezes at 0°C while the bottom layer of water maintains at above freezing temperature.

The occurrence of lake ice is primarily a function of air temperature. Once meteorological conditions provide colder breeze over warmer water, it forms ice on the surface of water due to advection cooling. But the water below the surface of ice is not much cooled so it exists in liquid phase. Hence the lake ice is found at the lake surface only (Figures 1 and 2).

Lake Ice, Figure 1
figure 112

Synoptic view of the lake ice formed on the upper surface of lake water in the Baralacha La region of Himachal Pradesh, India.

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Lake Ice, Figure 1
Lake Ice, Figure 2

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Correspondence to Rajesh Kumar .

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© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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Kumar, R. (2011). Lake Ice. In: Singh, V.P., Singh, P., Haritashya, U.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2642-2_316

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