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Altai-Sayan Glaciers

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Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series ((EESS))

Synonyms

Alpine glaciers; Altai-Sayan; Glaciers of central Asia; Glaciers of mid-latitudes; Glaciers of south Siberia, Russia, Mongolia, China, and Kazakhstan; Glaciers in Ob’ and Yenisei river basins

Definition

Altai-Sayan glaciers are the alpine glaciers of the mid-latitudes that are existing in the Altai-Sayan high mountains in south Siberia and north-western Mongolia continental climate.

The Altai-Sayan mountain system stretching between 45°–54°N and 84°–103°E. Glaciers of Altai-Sayan mountains are located in the most northern periphery of the central Asian mountain system and the southern periphery of the Asian Arctic basin (Figures 1 and 2). The highest part of the Altai-Sayan mountains (Katun, South Chuya, and North Chuya ridges) hold 70% of all south Siberian glaciers. The latest investigation in Altai-Sayan mountains based on remote sensing data numbers 2,340 glaciers with total area of 1,562 km2 (Surazakov et al., 2010). Altai-Sayan glaciers feed the major Siberian Rivers...

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Bibliography

  • Nikitin, S. A., Surazakov, A. B., and Aizen, V. B., 2010. Altai-Sayan glacier-water resources from passive-radar ice thickness measurements and simulation. Journal of Hydrology (submitted).

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  • Surazakov, A. B., Nikitin, S. A., and Aizen, V. B., 2010. Changes of area of Altai-Sayan glaciers from 1953 to 2009. Journal “The Cryosphere” (submitted).

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© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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Aizen, V. (2011). Altai-Sayan Glaciers. In: Singh, V.P., Singh, P., Haritashya, U.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2642-2_15

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