Skip to main content

Banks, Joseph (1743–1820)

  • Reference work entry
  • 215 Accesses

Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Banks, a founding father of natural science and co-founder of Australia, was born in London, Great Britain, on February 13, 1743, the only son of a wealthy landowner. He married Dorothea Hugesson on March 23, 1779. He died in Isleworth, London, on June 19, 1820, aged 77. Banks devoted his entire adult life toward the advancement of science.

On his triumphant return from Captain Cook’s first great voyage in 1771, the young Banks was famously dubbed “The Botanic Macaroni” and “The great South Sea caterpillar.” Over the next 50 years, however, this satiric “caterpillar” was transformed into the “Bath Butterfly” by his royal investiture as Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1795 (Figure 1). He was honored for his remarkable achievements in an era of enlightened human endeavor with his: knighthood (1781); membership of the Privy Council (1797); and his unmatched 4-decade term as President of the Royal Society (1778–1820). Banks galvanized the great scientific minds of his time,...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-2639-2_183
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   549.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-90-481-2639-2
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Banks, Joseph (1743–1820). Figure 1

Bibliography

  • Anderson, R. G. W., 2000. Joseph Banks and the british museum, the world of collecting, 1770–1830. Journal of the History of Collections, 20, 151–152.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Beaglehole, J. C. (ed.), 1962. The Endeavour Journal of Joseph Banks, 1768–1771 (2 vols.) Online at: http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks05/0501141h.html

  • Hooker, J. (ed.), 1896. Journal of The Right Hon Sir Joseph Banks. London: Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • O’Brian, P., 1987. Joseph Banks: A life, p. 328. Chicago: University of Chicago Press edition (1997).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

About this entry

Cite this entry

Duke, N.C. (2011). Banks, Joseph (1743–1820). In: Hopley, D. (eds) Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2639-2_183

Download citation