Herpes Viral Retinochoroiditis

  • Anne-Laure Rémond
  • Phuc Le Hoang
  • Bahram Bodaghi
Living reference work entry


Few viruses have a particular affinity for the retina, can infect it and cause superficial or deep necrotic lesions, both in immunosuppressed and immunocompetent patients. Among various clinical situations, acute retinal necrosis or ARN syndrome is a well-defined condition, due to a member of the herpesvirus family, presenting with vitritis, retinal necrosis, severe retinal occlusive vasculitis, and papillitis. Like other herpetic retinopathies, ARN is a diagnosic and therapeutic emergency, but it is not always possible to prevent the occurrence of serious complications such as retinal detachment and final poor visual outcome despite aggressive antiviral therapy. Molecular diagnosis is playing a major role in viral identification and monitoring of treatment efficacy. Some viral retinal disorders may be difficult to differentiate from those caused by nonviral infectious agents such as syphilis and toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis or a malignant condition.


Necrotizing retinitis ARN syndrome Herpesviruses Nonnecrotizing viral retinopathy PORN CMV retinitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne-Laure Rémond
    • 1
  • Phuc Le Hoang
    • 1
  • Bahram Bodaghi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, DHU Vision and Handicaps, UPMCPitié-Salpêtrière HospitalParisFrance

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