• Deren Yang
Living reference work entry

The earth is the homeland of our human being. However, the resource shortage, environment pollution, and ecological deterioration on the earth have become the main challenges of humanity. To protect the resource and environment, the people in all over the world make arduous efforts. Among them, to change the production mode of modern industrialized energies which have seriously deteriorated the environment of the earth is one of main tasks. It is well-known that the modern industrialized energies chiefly including fuel combustion power generation, hydroelectric power generation, and nuclear power generation conflict the environment protection. Therefore, the people have devoted the clean and renewable energies.

The sun containing huge energy is an important star for humanity. It gives continuously energy and light for the people on the earth, which maintains the human being life. While the sunlight shines on the earth, one part of the light will be absorbed by atmospheric layer, and...

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Lab of Silicon Materials and School of Materials Science and EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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