Berufliche Veränderungen: Wenn Erwerbstätige sich neu orientieren

Living reference work entry
Part of the Springer Reference Psychologie book series (SRP)

Zusammenfassung

Dieses Kapitel thematisiert berufliche Veränderungen, bei denen Erwerbstätige sich neu orientieren wollen oder müssen. Zuerst werden die Relevanz und grundlegende Dimensionen beruflicher Veränderungen beschrieben, und berufliche Veränderungen werden von anderen Veränderungen im Arbeitskontext abgegrenzt. Der anschließende Überblick zum aktuellen Forschungsstand betrachtet individuelle und kontextuelle Faktoren, die berufliche Veränderungen vorhersagen, Konsequenzen beruflicher Veränderungen, sowie Ressourcen, die dabei helfen können, berufliche Veränderungen erfolgreich zu bewältigen.

Schlüsselwörter

Anpassungsfähigkeit Berufliche Neuorientierung Berufliche Mobilität Berufliche Transitionen Berufliche Veränderungen Berufliche Wechsel Berufliche Identität Karriere Laufbahnentwicklung 

Literatur

  1. Arthur, M. B. (1994). The boundaryless career: A new perspective for organizational inquiry. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 15(4), 295–306.  https://doi.org/10.1002/job.4030150402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arthur, M. B., & Rousseau, D. M. (1996). Introduction: The boundaryless career as a new employment principle. In The boundaryless career (S. 3–20). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ashforth, B. E. (2001). Role transitions in organizational life: An identity-based perspective. Mahwah: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  4. Barthauer, L., Sauer, N., & Kauffeld, S. (2017). Karriere- und soziale Netzwerke und ihr Einfluss auf die Laufbahnentwicklung. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Baruch, Y., & Bozionelos, N. (2011). Career issues. In S. Zedeck (Hrsg.), APA handbook of industrial and organizational psychology, Volume 2: Selecting and developing members for the organization (S. 67–113). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baumeler, F., & Hirschi, A. (2017). Laufbahnmanagement von jungen Arbeitnehmenden. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  7. Biemann, T., Fasang, A. E., & Grunow, D. (2011). Do economic globalization and industry growth destabilize careers? An analysis of career complexity and career patterns over time. Organization Studies, 32(12), 1639–1663.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840611421246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Biemann, T., Zacher, H., & Feldman, D. C. (2012). Career patterns: A twenty-year panel study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(2), 159–170.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2012.06.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blickle, G. (2014). Berufswahl und berufliche Entwicklung. In F. W. Nerdinger, G. Blickle, & N. Schaper (Hrsg.), Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie (S. 185–206). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  10. Borcherding, H., Langosch, W., & Brodner, G. (1985). Berufliche Veränderungen nach Herzinfarkt. In W. Langosch (Hrsg.), Psychische Bewältigung der chronischen Herzerkrankung (S. 258–267). Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Breeden, S. A. (1993). Job and occupational change as a function of occupational correspondence and job satisfaction. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 43(1), 30–45.  https://doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1993.1028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Briscoe, J. P., Hall, D. T., & Frautschy DeMuth, R. L. (2006). Protean and boundaryless careers: An empirical exploration. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69, 30–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2005.09.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Brown, S. D., & Lent, R. W. (2016). Vocational psychology: Agency, equity, and well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 67, 27.21–27.25.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-122414-033237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Carless, S. A., & Arnup, J. L. (2011). A longitudinal study of the determinants and outcomes of career change. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 78(1), 80–91.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2010.09.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Carless, S. A., & Bernath, L. (2007). Antecedents of intent to change careers among psychologists. Journal of Career Development, 33(3), 183–200.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0894845306296646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chan, S. H. J., & Mai, X. (2015). The relation of career adaptability to satisfaction and turnover intentions. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 89, 130–139.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.05.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Chudzikowski, K., Demel, B., Mayrhofer, W., Briscoe, J. P., Unite, J., Bogićević Milikić, B., Zikic, J. et al. (2009). Career transitions and their causes: A country-comparative perspective. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82(4), 825–849.  https://doi.org/10.1348/096317909X474786.
  18. Conroy, S. A., & O’Leary-Kelly, A. M. (2014). Letting go and moving on: Work-related identity loss and recovery. Academy of Management Review, 39(1), 67–87.  https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2011.0396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. De Vos, A., & Soens, N. (2008). Protean attitude and career success: The mediating role of self-management. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73(3), 449–456.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2008.08.007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. De Vos, A., De Hauw, S., & Van der Heijden, B. I. J. M. (2011). Competency development and career success: The mediating role of employability. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 79(2), 438–447.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2011.05.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Debus, M., & König, C. (2017). Was, wenn mein Arbeitsplatz unsicher ist? Die Bedeutung von Arbeitsplatzunsicherheit für die berufliche Laufbahn und Karriere. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  22. Direnzo, M. S., & Greenhaus, J. H. (2011). Job search and voluntary turnover in a boundaryless world: A control theory perspective. Academy of Management Review, 36(3), 567–589.  https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.2011.61031812.Google Scholar
  23. Eby, L. T., Butts, M., & Lockwood, A. (2003). Predictors of success in the era of the boundaryless career. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24(6), 689–708.  https://doi.org/10.1002/job.214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Feldman, D. C., & Ng, T. W. H. (2007). Careers: Mobility, embeddedness, and sucess. Journal of Management, 33(3), 350–377.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206307300815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Fouad, N. A., & Bynner, J. (2008). Work transitions. American Psychologist, 63(4), 241–251.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.63.4.241.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Fugate, M., Kinicki, A. J., & Ashforth, B. E. (2004). Employability: A psychosocial construct, its dimensions, and applications. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65, 14–38.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2003.10.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Guan, Y., Zhou, W., Ye, L., Jiang, P., & Zhou, Y. (2015). Perceived organizational career management and career adaptability as predictors of success and turnover intention among Chinese employees. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 88, 230–237.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.04.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gubler, M. (2017). Neue Laufbahnmodelle in Theorie und Praxis: Eine kritische Würdigung. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  29. Hall, D. T. (2004). The protean career: A quarter-century journey. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65, 1–13.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2003.10.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hall, D. T., & Moss, J. E. (1998). The new protean career contract: Helping organizations and employees adapt. Organizational Dynamics, 26(3), 22–37.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0090-2616(98)90012-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hall, M. E., & Suddarth, B. H. (2015). Facilitating midcareer transitions. In P. J. Hartung, M. L. Savickas, & W. B. Walsh (Hrsg.), APA handbook of career intervention, Volume 2: Applications (S. 495–505). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hallqvist, A., & Hydén, L. (2012). Learning in occupational transitions: A study of the process following job loss. Work, 43(3), 331–343.  https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2012-1384.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Haynie, J. M., & Shepherd, D. A. (2011). Toward a theory of discontinuous career transition: Investigating career transitions necessitated by traumatic life events. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(3), 501–524.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021450.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Heslin, P. A. (2005). Conceptualizing and evaluating career success. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(2), 113–136.  https://doi.org/10.1002/job.270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hess, N., Jepsen, D. M., & Dries, N. (2012). Career and employer change in the age of the ‚boundaryless‘ career. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(2), 280–288.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2011.10.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Hogan, R., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., & Kaiser, R. B. (2013). Employability and career success: Bridging the gap between theory and reality. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 6(1), 3–16.  https://doi.org/10.1111/iops.12001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hoyer, P., & Steyaert, C. (2015). Narrative identity construction in times of career change: Taking note of unconscious desires. Human Relations, 68(12), 1837–1863.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726715570383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hüttges, A., & Fay, D. (2017). Proaktives Verhalten: Schlüsselkompetenz für die Karriereentwicklung. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  39. Ibarra, H. (1999). Provisional selves: Experimenting with image and identity in professional adaptation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44, 764–791.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2667055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ibarra, H., & Barbulescu, R. (2010). Identity as narrative: Prevalence, effectiveness, and consequences of narrative identity work in macro work role transitions. Academy of Management Review, 35(1), 135–154.  https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.2010.45577925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Inkson, K. (2006). Protean and boundaryless careers as metaphors. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69, 48–63.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2005.09.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Johnston, C. S., Maggiori, C., & Rossier, J. (2016). Professional trajectories, individual characteristics, and staying satisfied and healthy. Journal of Career Development, 43(1), 81–98.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0894845315584161.
  43. Kauffeld, S., & Paulsen, H. (2017). Kompetenzmanagement und -entwicklung in Organisationen. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Kieselbach, T., & Mader, S. (2005). Umgang mit beruflichen Transitionen: Ergebnisse eines europäischen Forschungsprojektes. Journal für Psychologie, 13, 1–2.Google Scholar
  45. Koen, J., Klehe, U.-C., & Van Vianen, A. E. M. (2012). Training career adaptability to facilitate a successful school-to-work transition. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(3), 395–408.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2012.10.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Lang-von Wins, T., Mohr, G., & von Rosenstiel, L. (2004). Kritische Laufbahnuebergaenge: Erwerbslosigkeit, Wiedereingliederung und Uebergang in den Ruhestand. In H. Schuler (Hrsg.), Organisationspsychologie – Grundlagen und personalpsychologie (S. 1113–1189). Goettingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
  47. Lysdal, S. H., Søsted, H., Andersen, K. E., & Johansen, J. D. (2011). Hand eczema in hairdressers: A Danish register-based study of the prevalence of hand eczema and its career consequences. Contact Dermatitis, 65(3), 151–158.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0536.2011.01935.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Magnusson, K. C., & Redekopp, D. E. (1992). Adaptability for transitions: Components and implications for intervention. Canadian Journal of Counselling, 26(2), 134–143.Google Scholar
  49. Maier, G., Heckhausen, J., & Steinmann, B. (2017). Management persönlicher beruflicher Ziele: Auswählen, verfolgen oder verändern. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  50. Matthews, S., & Roman, E. (2015). Barista turned stylist shows Americans switching careers again. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-08-06/barista-turned-stylist-shows-americans-switching-careers-again. Zugegriffen am 06.08.2015.
  51. Mirvis, P. H., & Hall, D. T. (1994). Psychological success and the boundaryless career. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 15, 365–380.  https://doi.org/10.1002/job.4030150406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Murtagh, N., Lopes, P. N., & Lyons, E. (2011). Decision making in voluntary career change: An other-than-rational perspective. Career Development Quarterly, 59(3), 249–263.  https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-0045.2011.tb00067.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Nagy, N., & Hirschi, A. (2017). Karriereentwicklung und -förderung von älteren Arbeitnehmenden. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  54. Neapolitan, J. (1980). Occupational change in mid-career: An exploratory investigation. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 16(2), 212–225.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-8791(80)90052-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Ng, T. W. H., & Feldman, D. C. (2014a). A conservation of resources perspective on career hurdles and salary attainment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85(1), 156–168.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2014.05.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Ng, T. W. H., & Feldman, D. C. (2014b). Subjective career success: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85(2), 169–179.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2014.06.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Ng, T. W. H., Sorensen, K. L., Eby, L. T., & Feldman, D. C. (2007). Determinants of job mobility: A theoretical integration and extension. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 80, 363–386.  https://doi.org/10.1348/096317906X130582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Nicholson, N. (1984). A theory of work role transitions. Administrative Science Quarterly, 29(2), 172–191.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2393172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Nieß, C., & Zacher, H. (2015). Openness to experience as a predictor and outcome of upward job changes into managerial and professional positions. PLoS One, 10(6), e0131115.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131115.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  60. Nooney, J. G., Unruh, L., & Yore, M. M. (2010). Should I stay or should I go? Career change and labor force separation among registered nurses in the U.S. Social Science & Medicine, 70(2), 1874–1881.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.037.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Obschonka, M., & Schmitt-Rodermund, E. (2017). Gründung und Unternehmertum. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  62. Ohme, M., & Zacher, H. (2015). Job performance ratings: The relative importance of mental ability, conscientiousness, and career adaptability. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 87(1), 161–170.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.01.003.
  63. Otto, K., & Dalbert, C. (2012). Willingness to accept occupational change when offered incentives: Comparing full-time and part-time employees. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 21(2), 222–243.  https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2010.550734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Otto, K., Dette-Hagenmeyer, D. E., & Dalbert, C. (2010). Occupational mobility in members of the labor force: Explaining the willingness to change occupations. Journal of Career Development, 36(3), 262–288.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0894845309345842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Panos, G. A., Pouliakas, K., & Zangelidis, A. (2014). Multiple job holding, skill diversification, and mobility. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 53(2), 223–272.  https://doi.org/10.1111/irel.12055.Google Scholar
  66. Potterat, J. J., Woodhouse, D. E., Muth, J. B., & Muth, S. Q. (1990). Estimating the prevalence and career longevity of prostitute women. Journal of Sex Research, 27(2), 233–243.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499009551554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Raeder, S. (2017). Der psychologische Vertrag: Ein Baustein für Karriere und Laufbahn. In S. Kauffeld & D. Spurk (Hrsg.), Handbuch Karriere und Laufbahnmanagement. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  68. Rhodes, S. R., & Doering, M. (1983). An integrated model of career change. Academy of Management Review, 8(4), 631–639.  https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.1983.4284666.Google Scholar
  69. Rousseau, D. (1995). Psychological contracts in organizations: Understanding written and unwritten agreements. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  70. Rudolph, C. W., Lavigne, K. N., & Zacher, H. (2016). Career adaptability: A meta-analysis of relationships with measures of adaptivity, adapting responses, and adaptation results. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 98, 17–34.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2016.09.002.
  71. Rudolph, C. W., Lavigne, K. N., Katz, I. M., & Zacher, H. (2017). Linking dimensions of career adaptability to adaptation results: A meta-analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 102, 151–173.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2017.06.003
  72. Samuel, R. D., & Tenenbaum, G. (2013). Athletes’ decision-making in career change-events. The Sport Psychologist, 27(1), 78–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Savickas, M. L. (1997). Career adaptability: An integrative construct for life-span, life-space theory. Career Development Quarterly, 45, 247–259.  https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-0045.1997.tb00469.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Savickas, M. L., & Porfeli, E. J. (2012). Career Adapt-Abilities Scale: Construction, reliability, and measurement equivalence across 13 countries. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(3), 661–673.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2012.01.011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Stambulova, N., Alfermann, D., Statler, T., & Côté, J. (2009). ISSP position stand: Career development and transitions of athletes. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7(4), 395–412.  https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2009.9671916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Statistisches Bundesamt. (2015). Qualität der Arbeit: Geld verdienen und was sonst noch zählt – 2015. Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt.Google Scholar
  77. Sullivan, S. E., & Arthur, M. B. (2006). The evolution of the boundaryless career concept: Examining physical and psychological mobility. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69(1), 19–29.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2005.09.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Vigoda-Gadot, E., Baruch, Y., & Grimland, S. (2010). Career transitions: An empirical examination of second career of military retirees. Public Personnel Management, 39(4), 379–404.  https://doi.org/10.1177/009102601003900405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Wylleman, P., Alfermann, D., & Lavallee, D. (2004). Career transitions in sport: European perspectives. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 5(1), 7–20.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1469-0292(02)00049-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Zacher, H. (2014a). Career adaptability predicts subjective career success above and beyond personality traits and core self-evaluations. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84(1), 21–30.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2013.10.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Zacher, H. (2014b). Individual difference predictors of change in career adaptability over time. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84, 188–198.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2014.01.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Zacher, H. (2015). Daily manifestations of career adaptability: Relationships with job and career outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 91(1), 76–86.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.09.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Zacher, H. (2016). Within-person relationships between daily individual and job characteristics and daily manifestations of career adaptability. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 92(1), 105–115.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.11.013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Zacher, H., & Griffin, B. (2015). Older workers’ age as a moderator of the relationship between career adaptability and job satisfaction. Work, Aging and Retirement, 1(2), 227–236.  https://doi.org/10.1093/workar/wau009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Zacher, H., Jimmieson, N. L., & Bordia, P. (2014). Time pressure and coworker support mediate the curvilinear relationship between age and occupational well-being. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 19(4), 462–475.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036995.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Zacher, H., Ambiel, R. A. M., & Porto Noronha, A. P. (2015). Career adaptability and career entrenchment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 88, 164–173.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.03.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität LeipzigLeipzigDeutschland

Personalised recommendations