Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Soil-Transmitted Helminths (SHT)

  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_4334

About 4.2 billion humans live at risk of being infected by hookworms (Ancylostoma, Necator), ascarids (Ascaris lumbricoides, Ascaris suum,  Strongyloides stercoralis), and/or whipworms ( Trichuris species) in practically all countries of the tropics due to larvae or eggs in human feces. Regular mass treatments (two per year) with nematocidal drugs would reduce the risk.

Further Readings

  1. Caraballo L, Acevedo N (2011) New allergens of relevance in tropical regions: the impact of Ascaris lumbricoides infections. World Allergy Organ J 4:77–84PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Landa-Cansigno O et al (2013) Retention of Eschericha coli, Giardia lamblia cysts and Ascaris lumbricoides eggs in agricultural soils irrigated by untreated waste water. J Environ Manage 128:22–29PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Nejsum P et al (2012) Assessing the zoonotic potential of Ascaris suum and Trichuris suis: looking to the future from analysis of the past. J Helminthol 86:148–155PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Saboya MI et al (2013) Update on the mapping of prevalence and intensity of infection for soil transmitted helminth infections in Latin America and the Caribbean: a call for action. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2419PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany