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Geodaten und deren Analyse in der Politikwissenschaft

Part of the Springer Reference Sozialwissenschaften book series (SRS)

Zusammenfassung

Räumliche Daten und Phänomene spielen eine wachsende Rolle in der Politikwissenschaft. Durch die Entwicklung von Geografischen Informationssystemen (GIS) und Geodatensätzen werden Wissenschaftlern neue und mächtige Analysewerkzeuge an die Hand gegeben. In diesem Kapitel geben wir eine kurze Einführung in die Verwendung räumlicher Methoden für die politikwissenschaftliche Forschung. Wir beginnen mit grundlegenden Konzepten und diskutieren die Datentypen, die für die Speicherung räumlicher Daten verwendet werden. Anhand einiger Beispiele geben wir einen Einblick in verfügbare Datensätze, die in der Politikwissenschaft Verwendung gefunden haben. Wir beschreiben drei verschiedene Ansätze, wie GIS Werkzeuge und Daten eingesetzt werden können und diskutieren die Schwierigkeiten, die dabei auftreten können.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Geografische Informationssysteme
  • Räumliche Daten
  • Räumliche Analyse
  • Vektordaten
  • Rasterdaten

Dieser Beitrag ist eine übersetzte und revidierte Fassung von: Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede und Nils B. Weidmann. 2012. „Richardson in the Information Age: Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Data in International Studies.“ Annual Review of Political Science 15(1):461–481. Die Autoren danken Johannes Willmann für seine Hilfe bei der Übersetzung.

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Weidmann, N.B., Gleditsch, K.S. (2018). Geodaten und deren Analyse in der Politikwissenschaft. In: Wagemann, C., Goerres, A., Siewert, M. (eds) Handbuch Methoden der Politikwissenschaft. Springer Reference Sozialwissenschaften. Springer VS, Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-16937-4_23-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-16937-4_23-1

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