Advertisement

Organisation(en) von der Stange? Der Trend zu Standardisierung und Formalisierung

  • Nadine ArnoldEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Springer Reference Sozialwissenschaften book series (SRS)

Zusammenfassung

Standards zur Förderung des wirtschaftlichen Austausches vervielfältigen sich. Drei Wellen werden identifiziert: 1) technische Standards 2) Qualitätsmanagementstandards 3) Nachhaltigkeitsstandards. Aus einer organisationssoziologischen Perspektive stellt sich die Frage, wer die Standards entwickelt und inwiefern sie eine organisationale Homogenisierung herbeiführen. Der Beitrag erläutert, wodurch Angleichung gehemmt wird und zeigt, dass der Standardisierungstrend spezialisierten Organisationen neue Aktivitätsfelder eröffnet. Sie bilden den Formalisierungssektor: ein stabiles, wenig beachtetes Kollektiv, das Standards und Zertifizierungen produziert.

Schlüsselwörter

Organisation Standards Zertifizierung ISO Nachhaltigkeit 

Literatur

  1. Ahrne, Göran, und Nils Brunsson. 2011. Organization outside organizations: The significance of partial organization. Organization 18(1): 83–104.Google Scholar
  2. Ahrne, Göran, Nils Brunsson, und Christina Garsten. 2000. Standardizing through organization. In A world of standards, Hrsg. Nils Brunsson und Bengt Jacobsson, 50–70. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ahrne, Göran, Patrik Aspers, und Nils Brunsson. 2015. The organization of markets. Organization Studies 36(1): 7–27.Google Scholar
  4. Arnold, Nadine. 2017. Standardisierungsdynamiken im Fairen Handel. Wiesbaden: Springer VS.Google Scholar
  5. Arnold, Nadine, und Raimund Hasse. 2015. Escalation of governance: Effects of voluntary standardization on organizations, markets and standards in Swiss fair trade. Sociological Research Online 20(3): 1–16.Google Scholar
  6. Arnold, Nadine, und Raimund Hasse. 2017. Die Organisation von Wertzuschreibungen: Zur Bedeutung von Drittparteien für die Signalisierung moralischer Qualitäten. Berliner Journal für Soziologie 26(3-4): 329–351.Google Scholar
  7. Aspers, Patrik. 2009. Knowledge and valuation in markets. Theory and Society 38(2): 111–131.Google Scholar
  8. Bain, Carmen, Elizabeth Ransom, und Vaughan Higgins. 2013. Private agri-food standards: Contestation, hybridity and the politics of standards. International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 20(1): 1–10.Google Scholar
  9. Boiral, Olivier. 2003. ISO 9000: Outside the iron cage. Organization Science 14(6): 720–737.Google Scholar
  10. Boiral, Olivier. 2007. Corporate greening through ISO 14001: A rational myth? Organization Science 18(1): 127–146.Google Scholar
  11. Boiral, Olivier. 2012a. ISO 9000 and organizational effectiveness: A systematic review. The Quality Management Journal 19(3): 16.Google Scholar
  12. Boiral, Olivier. 2012b. ISO certificates as organizational degrees? Beyond the rational myths of the certification process. Organization Studies 33(5–6): 633–654.Google Scholar
  13. Boström, Magnus. 2006. Regulatory credibility and authority through inclusiveness: Standardization organizations in cases of eco-Labelling. Organization 13(3): 345–367.Google Scholar
  14. Boström, Magnus, und Kristina Tamm Hallström. 2010. NGO power in global social and environmental standard-setting. Global Environmental Politics 10(4): 36–59.Google Scholar
  15. Botzem, Sebastian, und Leonhard Dobusch. 2012. Standardization cycles: A process perspective on the formation and diffusion of transnational standards. Organization Studies 33(5-6): 737–762.Google Scholar
  16. Brunsson, Nils. 2000. Organizations, markets and standardization. In A world of standards, Hrsg. Nils Brunsson und Bengt Jacobsson, 21–49. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Brunsson, Nils, und Bengt Jacobsson. 2000. A world of standards. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Brunsson, Nils, Andreas Rasche, und David Seidl. 2012. The dynamics of standardization: Three perspectives on standards in organization studies. Organization Studies 33(5–6): 613–632.Google Scholar
  19. Busch, Lawrence. 2011. Standards: Recipes for reality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  20. Büthe, Tim, und Walter Mattli. 2011. The new global rulers: The privatization of regulation in the world economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Carruthers, Bruce G., und Arthur L. Stinchcombe. 2001. The social structure of liquidity: Flexibility in markets, states, and organizations. In When formality works: Authority and abstraction in law and organizations, Hrsg. Arthur L. Stinchcombe, 100–139. Chicago: University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Cashore, Benjamin. 2002. Legitimacy and the privatization of environmental governance: How non-state market-driven (NSMD) governance systems gain rule-making authority. Governance 15(4): 503–529.Google Scholar
  23. Conroy, Michael E. 2007. Branded! How the certification revolution is transforming global corporations. Gabriola: New Society Publishers.Google Scholar
  24. Delmas, Magali A. 2002. The diffusion of environmental management standards in Europe and in the United States: An institutional perspective. Policy Sciences 35(1): 91–119.Google Scholar
  25. DiMaggio, Paul J., und Walter W. Powell. 1983. The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review 48:147–160.Google Scholar
  26. Djelic, Marie-Laure, und Frank denHond. 2013. Introduction: Multiplicity and plurality in the world of standards. Business and Politics 16(1): 67–77.Google Scholar
  27. Djelic, Marie-Laure, und Kerstin Sahlin-Andersson. 2006. Transnational governance: Institutional dynamics of regulation. Cambridge: University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Drori, Gili S., Francisco O. Ramirez, und Evan Schofer. 2003. Science in the modern world polity: Institutionalization and globalization. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Ecolabel Index. 2016. Analytics. http://www.ecolabelindex.com/charts/. Zugegriffen am 13.12.2016.
  30. Fouilleux, Eve, und Allison Loconto. 2016. Voluntary standards, certification, and accreditation in the global organic agriculture field: A tripartite model of techno-politics. Agriculture and Human Values 34(1): 1–14.Google Scholar
  31. Fransen, Luc, und Ans Kolk. 2007. Global rule-setting for business: A critical analysis of multi-stakeholder standards. Organization 14(5): 667–684.Google Scholar
  32. Guler, Isin, Mauro F. Guillén, und John M. Macpherson. 2002. Global competition, institutions, and the diffusion of organizational practices: The international spread of ISO 9000 quality certificates. Administrative Science Quarterly 47(2): 207–232.Google Scholar
  33. Gustafsson, Ingrid, und Kristina Tamm Hallström. 2013. The certification paradox: Monitoring as a solution and a problem. In Trust and organizations: Confidence across borders, Hrsg. Marta Reuter, Filip Wijkström und Bengt Kristensson Uggla, 91–110. Houndmills/Basingstoke/Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  34. Hasse, Raimund, und Georg Krücken. 2005. Neo-Institutionalismus, 2. Aufl. Bielefeld: transcript.Google Scholar
  35. Hasse, Raimund, und Georg Krücken. 2013. Competition and actorhood: A further expansion of the neo-institutional agenda. Sociologia Internationalis 51(2): 181–205.Google Scholar
  36. Hasse, Raimund, und Eva Passarge. 2015. Sillicon Valley und sonst nichts Neues? Biotechnologie in der Schweiz als Beispiel für neue Organisationsformen und deren Legitimierung. Zeitschrift für Soziologie 44(1): 6–21.Google Scholar
  37. Hatanaka, Maki, und Lawrence Busch. 2008. Third-party certification in the global agrifood system: An objective or socially mediated governance mechanism? Sociologia Ruralis 48(1): 73–91.Google Scholar
  38. Higgins, Vaughan, und Wendy Larner. 2010. Calculating the social: Standards and the reconfiguration of governing. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  39. Higgins, Winton, und Kristina Tamm Hallström. 2007. Standardization, globalization and rationalities of government. Organization 14(5): 685–704.Google Scholar
  40. ISO. 2015. ISO survey – Survey data 2014. http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/certification/iso-survey.html. Zugegriffen am 15.09.2016.
  41. ISO. 2017. Welcome to the ISO store. https://www.iso.org/store.html. Zugegriffen am 28.04.2017.
  42. Katz, Michael L., und Carl Shapiro. 1985. Network externalities, competition, and compatibility. The American Economic Review 75(3): 424–440.Google Scholar
  43. Levi-Faur, David, und Jacint Jordana. 2005. The rise of regulatory capitalism: The global diffusion of a new order. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 598(1): 200–217.Google Scholar
  44. Levinson, Marc. 2016. The box: How the shipping container made the world smaller and the world economy bigger, 2. Aufl. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Loconto, Allison, und Lawrence Busch. 2010. Standards, techno-economic networks, and playing fields: Performing the global market economy. Review of International Political Economy 17(3): 507–536.Google Scholar
  46. Loconto, Allison, und Eve Fouilleux. 2014. Politics of private regulation: ISEAL and the shaping of transnational sustainability governance. Regulation & Governance 8(2): 166–185.Google Scholar
  47. Loya, Thomas A., und John Boli. 1999. Standardization in the world polity: Technical rationality over power. In Constructing world culture: International nongovernmental organizations since 1875, Hrsg. John Boli und George M. Thomas, 169–197. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  48. March, James G., Martin Schulz, und Zhou Xueguang. 2000. The dynamics of rules: Change in written organizational codes. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  49. Marx, Axel, & Wouters, Jan. 2014. Competition and cooperation in the market of voluntary sustainability standards. United Nations Forum on Sustainability Standards, 3 (Discussion Paper Series).Google Scholar
  50. Marx, Axel, Miet Maertens, Johan Swinnen, und Jan Wouters. 2012. Private standards and global governance: Economic, legal and political perspectives. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  51. Mattli, Walter, und Tim Büthe. 2003. Setting international standards: Technological rationality or primacy of power? World Politics 56(01): 1–42.Google Scholar
  52. McDermott, Constance L. 2012. Trust, legitimacy and power in forest certification: A case study of the FSC in British Columbia. Geoforum 43(3): 634–644.Google Scholar
  53. McDonalds. 2015. The good Business Report 2014. http://corporate.mcdonalds.com/mcd/sustainability/sustainability_CR_reports.html. Zugegriffen am 11.05.2017.
  54. Mendel, Peter. 2006. The making and expansion of international management standards: The global diffusion of ISO 9000 quality management certificates. In Globalization and organization: World society and organizational change, Hrsg. Gili S. Drori, John W. Meyer und Hokyu Hwang, 137–166. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  55. Meyer, John W., und Brian Rowan. 1977. Institutionalized organizations: Formal structure as myth and ceremony. American Journal of Sociology 83(2): 340–363.Google Scholar
  56. Mörth, Ulrika. 2004. Soft law in governance and regulation: An interdisciplinary analysis. Cheltenham/Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
  57. Murphy, Craig N., und Joanne Yates. 2009. ISO, the international organization for standardization: Global governance through voluntary consensus. Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  58. Olshan, Marc A. 1993. Standards-making organizations and the rationalization of American life. The Sociological Quarterly 34(2): 319–335.Google Scholar
  59. Ortmann, Günther. 2014. Das Driften von Regeln, Standards und Routinen. In Scheitern – Organisations- und wirtschaftssoziologische Analysen, Hrsg. Jens Bergmann, Matthias Hahn, Antonia Langhof und Gabriele Wagner, 31–60. Wiesbaden: Springer.Google Scholar
  60. Ponte, Stefano, Peter Gibbon, und Jakob Vestergaard. 2011. Governing through standards: Origins, drivers and limitations. Houndmills/Basingstoke/Hampshire/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  61. Power, Micahel. 1997. The audit society: Rituals of verification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  62. Ransom, Elizabeth. 2007. The rise of agricultural animal welfare standards as understood through a neo-institutional lens. International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 15(3): 26–44.Google Scholar
  63. Rao, Hayagreeva. 1994. The social construction of reputation: Certification contests, legitimation, and the survival of organizations in the American automobile industry: 1895–1912. Strategic Management Journal 15:29–44.Google Scholar
  64. Ritzer, Georg. 2006. Die McDonaldisierung der Gesellschaft, 4. Aufl. Konstanz: UVK-Verlag.Google Scholar
  65. Sahlin, Kerstin, und Linda Wedlin. 2008. Circulating ideas: Imitation, translation and editing. In The SAGE handbook of organizational institutionalism, Hrsg. Royston Greenwood, Christine Oliver, Roy Suddaby und Kerstin Sahlin-Andersson, 218–242. London: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
  66. Scott, Richard W., und John W. Meyer. 1991. The organization of societal sectors: Propositions and early evidence. In The new institutionalism in organizational analysis, Hrsg. Walter W. Powell und Paul J. DiMaggio, 108–140. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  67. Slager, Rieneke, Jean-Pascal Gond, und Jeremy Moon. 2012. Standardization as institutional work: The regulatory power of a responsible investment standard. Organization Studies 33(5–6): 763–790.Google Scholar
  68. Stinchcombe, Arthur L. 2001. When formality works: Authority and abstraction in law and organizations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  69. Tamm Hallström, Kristina, und Magnus Boström. 2010. Transnational multi-stakeholder standardization: Organizing fragile non-state authority. Cheltenham/Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
  70. Tamm Hallström, Kristina, und Ingrid Gustafsson. 2014. Value-neutralizing in verification markets: organizing for independence through accreditation. In Configuring value conflicts in markets, Hrsg. S. Alexius und K. Tamm Hallström, 82–99. Cheltenham/Northampton: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  71. Tempel, Anne, und Peter Walgenbach. 2007. Global standardization of organizational forms and management practices? What new institutionalism and the business-systems approach can learn from each other. Journal of Management Studies 44(1): 1–24.Google Scholar
  72. Timmermans, Stefan, und Steven Epstein. 2010. A world of standards but not a standard world: Toward a sociology of standards and standardization. Annual Review of Sociology 36(1): 69–89.Google Scholar
  73. Walgenbach, Peter. 2001. The production of distrust by means of producing trust. Organization Studies 22(4): 693–714.Google Scholar
  74. Zollondz, Hans-Dieter. 2011. Grundlagen Qualitätsmanagement, Einführung in Geschichte, Begriffe, Systeme und Konzepte, 3. Aufl. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Soziologisches SeminarUniversität LuzernLuzernSchweiz

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ingo Bode
    • 1
  • Raimund Hasse
    • 2
  1. 1.Fachbereich HumanwissenschaftenUniversität KasselKasselDeutschland
  2. 2.Universität LuzernLuzernSchweiz

Personalised recommendations