Encyclopedia of Robotics

Living Edition
| Editors: Marcelo H Ang, Oussama Khatib, Bruno Siciliano

Bio-inspired Underwater Robots

  • Maarja KruusmaaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41610-1_13-1



Bio-inspired underwater robots are influenced by examples of biological systems, sometimes in a rather loose manner.

Future Directions

modeling and control of continuum and compliant actuators, flow perception, modeling and control of robot interaction in the fluid.

Extended Definition

Bio-inspired underwater robots are nature-inspired alternative solutions for established technological concepts in underwater robotics, such as propellers, standard sensors, rigid hull compartments, and construction materials. It may also mean adopting new control methods, locomotion mechanisms, and materials for building the robots.


Conventional underwater vehicle technology has adopted the historical construction elements and methods used in surface vehicles. For example, the first approximation of a simple underwater robot is a water-proofed and submerged ship...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for BioroboticsTallinn University of TechnologyTallinnEstonia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Gianluca Antonelli
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Cassino and Southern LazioCassinoItaly