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Amphiphilic Molecules

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Amphipathic molecules; Amphiphiles; Amphiphilic block copolymers; Amphiphilic polymers; Amphipols; Detergents; Emulsifiers; Hydrotropes; Lipids/phospholipids; Soaps; Surfactants

Amphiphilic molecules is a general term that describes any compound that contains two distinct covalently bonded components with different affinity for the solvent in the same molecule, in which one part possesses a high affinity for polar solvents (such as water), and another part has a strong affinity for nonpolar solvents, such as hydrocarbons, ethers, and esters. Surfactants, polymer amphiphiles, and some lipid molecules, containing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic components, are typical examples of amphiphilic molecules.

Low Molecular Weight Amphiphiles

Surfactants (surface active agents), more popularly known as soaps, are among the oldest known chemicals used by human. This type of molecules now play a crucial role in many areas such as cleaning products, food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and...

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Correspondence to Jianhua Zhang .

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© 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Zhang, J. (2014). Amphiphilic Molecules. In: Drioli, E., Giorno, L. (eds) Encyclopedia of Membranes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

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