Encyclopedia of Mineral and Energy Policy

Living Edition
| Editors: Günter Tiess, Tapan Majumder, Peter Cameron

Finland: Mineral Policy

Living reference work entry

Later version available View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40871-7_45-1

General Information on Finland

Finland, located in Northern Europe, is one of the world’s northernmost countries (Fig. 1). Finland remained largely an agrarian country until the 1950s. Thereafter, it rapidly developed an advanced economy while building an extensive Nordic-style welfare state, resulting in widespread prosperity. Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, and human development. The population of Finland in 2014 was 5.471 million. The average population density (18 inhabitants per km 2) is the third lowest of any European country. The World Economic Forum ranks Finland’s higher education and training first in the world (WEF 2013). Around 33 % of residents have a tertiary degree.


Gross Domestic Product Platinum Group Metal Mineral Sector Extractive Industry Real Gross Domestic Product 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ore Geology and Mineral EconomicsGeological Survey of Finland (GTK)EspooFinland